Backed / Backed-In
A 'backed' horse is one on which lots of bets have been placed. A horse which is backed-in means that the people betting have outlaid a lot of money on that horse and the odds have decreased as a result e.g. "Denman has been backed in to 2/1".
Backstretch / Back Straight
The straight length of the track on the far side of the course from the stands.
A horse that has not developed fully or not fully fit.
A horse that is expected to win
A term used when describing bookmakers' prices. e.g. '4/1 bar two' means that you can obtain at least 4/1 about any horse except for the first two in betting.
Bay horses range from light brown to the darkest, but always have black manes, tails and legs.
A market is the prices offered for each runner by bookmakers on a particular race. The more popular a horse with punters, the shorter its price will be.
The area at a racecourse where the on course bookmakers operate. Look out for their odds boards and listen out for them shouting the odds.
A betting term used to describe a favourite that bookmakers expect to lose and are therefore happy to take bets on.
The metal part of the bridle that sits in a horse's mouth. Reins attach to the bit and are used by the jockey to control the horse.
A horse of the darkest possible colour. Pure black thoroughbreds are rare.
When a group of horses finish a race in a line. The term comes from the idea that they are so close together you could theoretically put a single blanket across them. The Judge usually calls a photo to decide the official placings.
Another name for blinkers.
A form of headgear worn by racehorses, consisting of a hood with cups around the eyes. They are use to limit a horse's vision and reduce distractions, with the aim of making it concentrate. A horse wearing blinkers is denoted on a racecard by a small b next to the horse's weight (b1 indicates that the horse is wearing blinkers in a race for the first time).
The sale of horses at auction
A short workout, usually a day or two before a race, designed to clear the horse's airways before the race. Can also be referred to as a pipe-opener.
The generally available odds displayed on the boards of on-course bookmakers. It is from these that the starting price (SP) is derived. 'Taking the board price' means taking the last price shown against your selection at the time you strike the bet
A record of the bets made on a particular race or other sporting event.
A person/company licensed to accept bets. Also known as a bookie.
The tic-tac bookmaking term for 2-1
A horse that cannot overtake another horse because it is blocked by other horses.
A horse that constantly walks around its stable and refuses to settle.
Break (A Horse) In
Teaching a young horse to accept riding equipment and carry a rider.
When the jockey temporarily restrains a horse for a short distance to permit him to fill his lungs during a race.
Someone who breeds racehorses. They own the dam (mother) at time foal is born.
Galloping a horse at a moderate speed. This is slower than racing pace.
An auction, usually for unraced two-year-olds, at which the horses for sale run for a short distance to allow prospective buyers to assess them.
The leather tack worn by a horse on its head and used to control it.
Bridle, Won On The
A horse who won easily, without being hard ridden or challenged by other horses.
When a horse sustains an injury during a race.
A mare kept at stud for breeding. Broodmares have either retired from racing or will be unraced.
A horse whose fall during a race is caused by another horse.
Brown horses can be light brown through to almost black, but will have a matching mane and tail. The most common colour among thoroughbreds.
A Flat race run under Jump Rules, used to educate young prospective jumps horses before they tackle hurdles or fences. Officially called National Hunt Flat Race.
Interference during a race where one horse collides with another. Often results in a Stewards' Enquiry, particularly when interference takes place in the closing stages of the race.
The tic-tac bookmaking term for 100-30.